Brief History

The Enneagram is a rich and dynamic system that continues to evolve over time.  

The ancient nine-pointed symbol now used to illustrate the Enneagram is of mysterious origins.  In modern times, George I. Gurdjieff, who was an esoteric traveling teacher in the late 19th century came across this fascinating symbol somewhere in Turkey or Afghanistan.  He brilliantly recognized its representation of archetypal patterns that explain much of life’s mysteries.  Gurdjieff’s discoveries continue to be explored and continue to provide wisdom to seekers.

Oscar Ichazo, a Bolivian teacher of higher consciousness, is credited with correlating personality attributes to the nine points.  His work first identified the nine "fixations" for each type as well as the nine "passions."  His teachings presented the concept that our self-identifications cause us suffering.  Ichazo continues to teach the spirituality and psychology of the system.

There are many facets of the Enneagram that have since been contributed by prominent teachers such as Claudio Naranjo, Don Riso and Russ Hudson, Helen Palmer and Richard Rohr, OFM, among many more.  And the lineage continues.